NANO MATERYAL İÇERLİ KATKILARIN YAKIT ÖZELLİKLERİNE VE YANMA KARAKTERİSTİKLERİNE ETKİLERİ
Bu çalışma; dizel, biyodizel, su içeren emülsiyon yakıtları ve çeşitli yakıt karışımları gibi dizel motor yakıtlarında nano materyal içerikli katkıların kullanımı üzerine yapılmış çeşitli çalışmaların sonuçlarından derlenmiştir. Dizel motorlarda zararlı egzoz emisyonlarını azaltması için üç farklı teknik uygulanmaktadır. Zaralı emisyonları azaltmak için uygulanan tekniklerden ilki motor tasarımda ve yakıt püskürtme sisteminde değişiklikler yapılarak yanmanın iyileştirilmesidir. Ancak bu pahalı ve zaman alıcı bir süreçtir. İkinci teknik katalitik konvektör ve partikül filtresi gibi çeşitli egzoz gazı cihazlarını kullanmaktır. Ancak, bu cihazlar dizel motorun performansını olumsuz yönde etkiler. Dizel motorlarda, emisyonları azaltmak ve aynı zamanda dizel motorun performansını artırmak için kullanılan üçüncü teknik ise çeşitli yakıt katkılarının kullanılmasıdır. Dizel motorlardan yayılan en önemli kirleticiler azot oksit (NOx) ve partikül madde (PM-is) emisyonlarıdır. Uygulamada, NOx ve PM emisyonlarını birlikte azaltmak oldukça zordur. Emisyonları azaltmanın ve motor performansını artırmanın en iyi yolunun nano materyal içerikli katkıların ve suyla emülsiyonlaştırılmış yakıtların kullanımı olduğu birçok araştırmacı tarafından bildirilmektedir. Bu derlemede çeşitli dizel motor yakıtlarında farklı nano materyal içerikli katkıların kullanımının yakıt özelliklerine ve yanma karakteristiklerine etkileri incelenmiştir.
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