Zift esaslı karbon fiber üretimi (tarama)

Gamzenur ÖZSİN, Ayşe Eren PÜTÜN
562 38

Öz


Benzersiz fiziksel, kimyasal ve biyolojik özelliklere sahip olan karbon fiber, hekzagonal yapıda dizilmiş karbon atomlarından oluşan lif şeklinde çok yönlü bir malzemedir.  Günden güne potansiyel uygulama alanları gelişmekte olan karbon fiberlerin endüstriyel üretiminde genel olarak PAN (poliakrilonitril) kullanılmaktadır. Ancak, PAN esaslı karbon fiber üretiminin mevcut olan üretim teknolojileri, ürün maliyetinin azaltılmasını sağlayamamaktadır. Pazar payı PAN’a oranla daha az olan zift esaslı karbon fiber üretimi ile, PAN esaslı karbon fiberlere göre daha ucuz ve daha yüksek verimlerle karbon fiber üretimi mümkündür. Günümüzde, farklı kaynaklardan sentezlenebilecek izotropik ve mezofaz ziftlerden karbon fiber eldesi, üretim süreçlerinin ve son ürün özelliklerinin geliştirilmesi üzerine birçok çalışma yürütülmektedir. Bu çalışmada, zift esaslı karbon fiber üretimi hakkında bir literatür taraması yapılarak,  üretim süreçleri incelenmiştir.


Anahtar kelimeler


Karbon fiber, zift, stabilizasyon, karbonizasyon, grafitizasyon

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