Sert malzemelerin tornalanmasında takım aşınmasının tepki yüzeyi metodolojisi ile incelenmesi

Dilek Murat, Cihat Ensarioğlu, Necmi Gürsakal, Ali Oral, M. Cemal Çakır
502 61

Öz


Bu çalışmada, çekirdeğine kadar 62 HRC sertliğine sertleştirilmiş soğuk iş takım çeliği iş parçalarının (AISI D2) kaplamalı seramik takımlarla (CNGA 120404 KY4400) tornalanması işlemlerinde takım aşınması – kesme parametreleri (kesme hızı, Vc; ilerleme, f; kesme derinliği, ap) ilişkisi incelenmiştir. Tepki Yüzeyi Metodolojisi’nde (TYM) kullanılan Merkezi Bileşik Tasarım (MBT) ile deney planlaması yapılarak, modelleme ve analiz gerçekleştirilmiştir. Kesme hızı en etkili faktör olmak üzere; kesme hızı ve ilerlemedeki düşüşün, takım aşınmasını azaltacağı gözlenmiştir. Kesme derinliğinin ise, aşınma üzerinde anlamlı bir etkisine rastlanmamıştır. Çalışmanın sonunda, optimum takım aşınması değeri ve bu değere ulaşmak için gerekli kesme parametresi seviyeleri belirlenmiştir. 


Anahtar kelimeler


Sert malzeme tornalama, takım aşınması, Tepki Yüzeyi Metodolojisi, Merkezi Bileşik Tasarım

Tam metin:

PDF


Referanslar


KAYNAKLAR (REFERENCES)

Chinchanikar, S., Choudhury S.K. Machining of hardened steel—Experimental investigations, performance modeling and cooling techniques: A review, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 89, 95-109, 2015.

Kacal, A., Yildirim, F., Application of grey relational analysis in high-speed machining of hardened AISI D6 steel, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 227 (7), 1566-1576, 2012.

Astakhov, V.P., Machining of Hard Materials – Definitions and Industrial Applications, Machining of Hard Materials, Editör: Davim, J.P., Springer Science & Business Media, 1-32, 2011.

Brahim F., Berkani, S., Yallese, M.A., Boutabbab, S., Rigal, J-F, Daffri, S., Analysis of technological parameters through response surface methodology in machining hardened X38CrMoV5-1 using whisker ceramic tool (Al2O3+SiC), Estonian Journal of Engineering, 18 (1), 26–41, 2012.

Bartarya, G., Choudhury, S.K., State of the art in hard turning, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 53, 1–14, 2012.

Kacal, A., Yildirim, F., Determining the effects of CBN cutting insert’s cutting performance on surface roughness and tool wear at turning of PMD 23 steel, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 31 (1), 181-189, 2016.

Hosseini, S.B., Beno, T., Klement, U., Kaminski, J., Ryttberg, K., Cutting temperatures during hard turning—Measurements and effects on white layer formation in AISI 52100, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 214, 1293–1300, 2014.

Dureja, J.S., Gupta, V.K., Sharma, V.S., Dogra, M., Bhatti, M.S., A review of empirical modeling techniques to optimize machining parameters for hard turning applications, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 230(3), 389–404, 2016.

Montgomery, D.C., Introduction to Statistical Quality Control, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 4th Edition, New York, 2001.

Gürsakal, N., Altı Sigma Müşteri Odaklı Yönetim, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Bursa, 2005.

Ucun, İ., Aslantaş, K., Taşgetiren, S., Gök, K., Investigation of tool performance in turning of austempered ductile iron with cemented carbide cutting tool, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 22 (4), 739-744, 2007.

Sahu, S., Choudhury, B.B, Optimization of Surface Roughness using Taguchi Methodology & Prediction of Tool Wear in Hard Turning Tools, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2, 2615 – 2623, 2015.

Sahoo, A.K., Sahoo, B., Performance studies of multilayer hard surface coatings (TiN/TiCN/Al2O3/TiN) of indexable carbide inserts in hard machining: Part-I (An experimental approach), Measurement, 46, 2854–2867, 2013.

Kayır, Y., Aslan, S., Aytürk, A., Analyzing the effects of cutting tools geometry on the turning of AISI 316Ti stainless steel with Taguchi method, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 28 (2), 363-372, 2013.

Bensouilah, H., Aouici, H., Meddour, I., Yallese, M.A., Mabrouki, T., Girardin, F., Performance of coated and uncoated mixed ceramic tools in hard turning process, Measurement, 82, 1–18, 2016.

Senthilkumar, N., Tamizharasan, T., Flank wear and surface roughness prediction in hard turning via artificial neural network and multiple regressions, Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 13 (1), 31-45, 2015.

Varaprasad, Bh., Srinivasa Rao, Ch., Vinay, P.V., Effect of machining parameters on tool wear in hard turning of AISI D3 steel, Procedia Engineering, 97, 338 – 345, 2014.

Das, S.R., Dhupal, D., Kumar, A., Study of surface roughness and flank wear in hard turning of AISI 4140 steel with coated ceramic inserts, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 29 (10), 4329-4340, 2015.

Aouici, H., Yallese, M.A., Fnides, B., Chaoui, K., Mabrouki, T., Modeling and optimization of hard turning of X38CrMoV5-1 steel with CBN tool: Machining parameters effects on flank wear and surface roughness, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 25 (11), 2843-2851, 2011.

Saini, S., Ahuja, I.S., Sharma, V.S., Influence of cutting parameters on tool wear and surface roughness in hard turning of AISI H11 tool steel using ceramic tools, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 13 (8), 1295-1302, 2012.

Aouici, H., Elbah, M., Yallese, M.A., Fnides, B., Meddour, I., Benlahmidi, S., Performance comparison of wiper and conventional ceramic inserts in hard turning of AISI 4140 steel: Analysis of machining forces and flank wear, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 87, 2221–2244, 2016.

Santhanakumar, M., Adalarasan, R., Siddharth, S., Velayudham, A., An investigation on surface finish and flank wear in hard machining of solution treated and aged 18 % Ni maraging steel, Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 1-14, 2016.

Karpuschewski, B., Schmidt, K., Beňo, J., Maňková, I., Frohmüller, R., Prilukova, J., An approach to the microscopic study of wear mechanisms during hard turning with coated ceramics, Wear, 342-343, 222–233, 2015.

Ventura, C.E.H., Köhler, J., Denkena, B., Influence of cutting edge geometry on tool wear performance in interrupted hard turning, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 19, 129–134, 2015.

Grzesik, W., Denkena, B., Żak, K., Grove, T., Bergmann, B., Correlation between friction and wear of Cubic Borone Nitride cutting tools in precision hard machining, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 138 (3), 2015.

Dosbaeva, G.K., El Hakim, M.A., Shalaby, M.A., Krzanowski, J.E., Veldhuis, S.C., Cutting temperature effect on PCBN and CVD coated carbide tools in hard turning of D2 tool steel, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 50, 1–8, 2015

Ånmark, N., Björk, T., Effects of the composition of Ca-rich inclusions on tool wear mechanisms during the hard-turning of steels for transmission components, Wear, 368-369, 173–182, 2016.

Grzesik, W., Denkena, B., Zak, B., Grove, T. Bergmann, B., Energy consumption characterization in precision hard machining using CBN cutting tools, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 85, 2839–2845, 2016.

Uhlmann, E., Oyanedel Fuentes, J. A., Gerstenberger, R., Frank, H., nc-AlTiN/a-Si3N4 and nc-AlCrN/a-Si3N4 nanocomposite coatings as protection layer for PCBN tools in hard machining, Surface & Coatings Technology, 237, 142–148, 2013.

Kumar, C.S., Patel, S.K., Experimental and numerical investigations on the effect of varying AlTiN coating thickness on hard machining performance of Al2O3-TiCN mixed ceramic inserts, Surface & Coatings Technology, 309, 266–281, 2017.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.