Organik Rankine çevrimi entegre edilmiş S-CO2 kullanılan bir gaz türbin çevriminin termodinamik ve termoekonomik analizi

Alperen Tozlu, Emrah Özahi, Ayşegül Abuşoğlu
250 28

Öz


Bu çalışmada, Organik Rankine Çevrimi (ORÇ) entegre edilmiş süperkritik CO2'nin (S-CO2) aracı akışkan olarak kullanıldığı bir gaz türbin çevrimi modeli gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sistemin termodinamik analizleri ASPEN Plus ve EES programları kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Termodinamik analizler sonucunda, önerilen sistemin elektrik üretim kapasitesi, enerji ve ekserji verimleri sırasıyla 1530,88 kW, % 23,30 ve % 59,60 olarak bulunmuştur. Sistemin termoekonomik analizi için ikinci kanuna bağlı maliyet hesabı yöntemleri arasında yaygın olarak kullanılan özgül ekserji maliyetlendirme (SPECO) yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Önerilen sistemde üretilecek elektriğin birim maliyeti 1 kW-saat için 7,28 ¢ ve toplam 1530,88 kW-saat elektrik üretim bedeli için ise 111,43 $ olarak hesaplanmıştır. ORÇ entegre edilmiş S-CO2 kullanılan gaz türbin çevrim sisteminin toplam yatırım maliyeti ve üretilecek elektriğin maliyeti ile satış bedeli arasındaki fark dikkate alınarak sistemden elde edilecek yıllık kar 741.146 $ olarak hesaplanmıştır. Yapılan termoekonomik analiz neticesinde sistemin amortisman süresi 4,09 yıl olarak bulunmuştur. 


Anahtar kelimeler


Organik Rankine Çevrimi; Gaz Türbin Çevrimi; Termodinamik; Termoekonomi

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