Kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıklarının analizinde yeni bir risk değerlendirme yaklaşımı

Demet Gönen, Aslan Deniz Karaoglan, Mustafa Ahmet Beyazıt Ocaktan, Ali Oral, Hilal Atıcı, Bünyamin Kaya
513 45

Öz


Bu çalışmada kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıklarının değerlendirilebilmesi amacıyla yeni bir risk değerlendirme yöntemi önerilmiştir. Önerilen yöntemde veri toplama aracı olarak Cornell Üniversitesi tarafından geliştirilen ve literatürde yaygın şekilde kullanılan “Kas İskelet Sistemi Rahatsızlık Anketi” kullanılmaktadır. Yöntem, otomotiv sektöründe kablo üretimi yapan bir yan sanayi kuruluşunda uygulanmış ve montaj hattı çalışanlarının maruz kaldığı kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıkları belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Hızlı tüm vücut değerlendirme yöntemi (REBA), Anybody modelleme sistemi (AMS) analizleri ve elektromiyografi (EMG) ölçümleri ile önerilen yöntemin doğrulaması yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar, önerilen yöntemin kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıklarının (KİSR) teşhis edilmesinde başarılı bir biçimde kullanılabileceğini göstermiştir.


Anahtar kelimeler


KİSR; risk değerlendirme; matris yöntemi; Fine-Kinney yöntemi

Tam metin:

PDF


Referanslar


Luttmann, A., Jager, M., Gaffler, G., Liebers, F., Steinberg, U., Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace, World Health Organization Protecting Workers’ Health Series, 5, ISBN 92 4 159053 X, 2003.

Baykasoğlu A., Demirkol A. Ş., Ergonomic Assembly Line Balancing, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 29(4), 785-792, 2014.

Akay, D., Kurt, M., Dağdeviren, M., Ergonomic Analysis of Working Postures, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 18(3), 73-84, 2003.

Can G. F., Atalay K. D., Eraslan E., Working Posture Analysis in Fuzzy Environment and Ergonomic Work Station Design Recommendations, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 30(3), 451-460, 2015.

Kuorinka, I., Jonsson, B., Kilbom, A., Vinterberg, H., Biering-Sørensen, F., Andersson, G., Jørgensen, K., Standardised Nordic Questionnaires for the Analysis of Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Appl. Ergon., 18 (3), 233-237, 1987.

Chandrasakaran, A., Chee, H. L., Rampal, K. G., Tan, G. L. E., The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Problems and Risk Factors Among Women Assembly Workers in the Semiconductor Industry, Medical Journal of Malaysia, 58 (5), 657-666, 2003.

Simu, M. R., Bocănet, V. I., Mesaroş, M., Borzan, C., Study of the Frequency of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Dentists, Acta Medica Transilvanica, 2 (4), 271-273, 2014.

Smith, D. R., Mihashi, M., Adachi, Y., Koga, H., & Ishitake, T., A Detailed Analysis of Musculoskeletal Disorder Risk Factors Among Japanese Nurses, J. Saf. Res., 37 (2), 195-200, 2006.

Pugh, J. D., Gelder, L., Williams, A. M., Twigg, D. E., Wilkinson, A. M., Blazevich, A. J., Validity and Reliability of an Online Extended Version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ-E2) to Measure Nurses' Fitness, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24, 3550-3563, 2015.

Kahraman, T., Genç, A., Göz, E., The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation into Turkish Assessing its Psychometric Properties, Disability and Rehabilitation, 37, 1-8, 2015.

Hildebrandt V. H., Prevention of work related musculoskeletal disorders: setting priorities using the standardized Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Doctoral Dissertation, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 2001.

Hildebrandt, V. H., Bongers, P. M., van Dijk, F. J. H., Kemper, H. C. G., Dul, J., Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: Description and Basic Qualities, Ergonomics, 44 (12), 1038-1055, 2001.

Ikhar, D., Deshpande, V., Untawale, S., Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Cotton Spinning Occupation: An Ergonomic Intervention, International Journal on Theoretical and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering, 2 (4), 17-20, 2013.

Vahdati, S. S., Khiavi, R. S., Ghafouri, R. R., Adimi, I., Evaluation of Prevalence of Low Back Pain Among Residents of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Relation With Their Position in Work, Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine, 14 (3), 125-129, 2014.

Bos, E., Krol, B., van der Star, L., & Groothoff, J., Risk Factors and Musculoskeletal Complaints in Non-Specialized Nurses, IC Nurses, Operation Room Nurses, and X-Ray Technologists, International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 80(3), 198-206, 2007.

Hedge, A., Morimoto, S., Mccrobie, D., Effects of Keyboard Tray Geometry on Upper Body Posture and Comfort, Ergonomics, 42 (10), 1333-1349, 1999.

Menzel N. N., Manual handling workload and musculoskeletal discomfort in nursing personnel, Doctoral Dissertation, University of South Florida, College of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Florida, 2001.

Jansen, K., Luik, M., Reinvee, M., Viljasoo, V., Ereline, J., Gapeyeva, H., Pääsuke, M., Musculoskeletal Discomfort in Production Assembly Workers, Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis, 18, 102-110, 2012.

Erdinc O., Hot K., Ozkaya M., Turkish Version of the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation, Work, 39 (3), 251-260, 2011.

Cornell University. Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaires (CMDQ). http://ergo.human.cornell.edu/ahmsquest.html. Erişim tarihi Nisan 1, 2015.

Cox S. ve Tait R., Safety, Reliability and Risk Management: An Integrated Approach, Second Edition, Butterworth - Heinemann, Oxford, 1998.

Kinney G. F., Wiruth A. D., Practical Risk Analysis for Safety Management, US Naval Postgraduate School and Security Department China Lake, California, 1976.

Hignett, S., McAtamney, L., Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Appl. Ergon., 31, 201-205, 2000.

Akro Mühendislik. AnybodyTech kas-iskelet modelleme yazılımı. http://www.akromuhendislik.com/content/anybodytech-kas-iskelet-modelleme. Erişim tarihi Nisan 15, 2015.

Özel Karataş Hastanesi. EMG nedir?. http://www.karatashastanesi.com.tr/hayat/emg-testi-nedir. Erişim tarihi Mart 27, 2016.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.