İletken poli(o-anisidin)/ talk kompozitinin sentezi ve karakterizasyonu

Duygu Anakli, Sevil CETINKAYA, Meral Karakisla, Mehmet Sacak
172 14

Öz


İletken poli(o-anisidin)(POA)/talk kompoziti talk partikülleri varlığında amonyum persülfat (APS) yükseltgeni kullanarak o-anisidinin kimyasal polimerizasyonu ile hazırlandı. (POA)/talk kompozitinin içerdiği POA miktarı ve iletkenliğinin APS/o-anisidin mol oranı, o-anisidin ve HCI derişimleri gibi polimerizasyon parametreleri ile değişimi incelendi. Talkın mikrosertlik özelliğinin yapıya katılan iletken polimer ile arttığı mikro indentasyon analizi ile belirlendi. Kompozitin yapısal, fiziksel, morfolojik ve ısıl analizleri FTIR, XRD,  BET, SEM ve TGA teknikleri ile incelendi.


Anahtar kelimeler


Poli(o-anisidin), talk, kompozit, iletken polimer.

Tam metin:

PDF


Referanslar


Lee D., Char K., Lee S.W., Park Y.W., Structural changes of polyaniline/montmorillonite nanocomposites and their effects on physical properties, J. Mater. Chem., 13, 2942–2947, 2003.

Duran N.G., Karakışla M., Aksu L. Saçak M., Conducting polyaniline/kaolinite composite: synthesis, characterization and temperature sensing properties, Mater. Chem. Phys., 118, 93–98, 2009.

Akbarinezhad E., Ebrahimi M., Sharif F., Attar M.M., Faridi H.R., Synthesis and evaluating corrosion protection effects of emeraldine base PAni/clay nanocomposite as a barrier pigment in zinc-rich ethyl silicate primer, Prog. Org. Coat., 70, 39–44, 2011.

Wu C-S., Huang Y-J., Hsieh T-H., Huang P-T., Hsieh B-Z., Han Y-K. Ho K-S., Studies on the conducting nanocomposite prepared by in situ polymerization of aniline monomers in a neat (aqueous) synthetic mica clay, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 46, 1800–1809, 2008.

Zhou X-P., Xie X-L., Yu Z-Z Mai Y-W., Intercalated structure of polypropylene/in situ polymerization-modified talc composites via melt compounding, Polymer, 48, 3555-3564, 2007.

Kowsari E., Faraghi G., Ultrasound and ionic-liquid-assisted synthesis and characterization of polyaniline/Y2O3 nanocomposite with controlled conductivity, Ultrason. Sonochem., 17(4), 718–725, 2010.

Yeh J-M., Chen C-L., Chen Y-C., Ma C-Y., Lee K-R., Wei Y. Li S., Enhancement of corrosion protection effect of poly(o-ethoxyaniline) via the formation of poly(o-ethoxyaniline)-clay nanocomposite materials, Polymer, 43, 2729-2736, 2002.

Palys B., Kudelski A., Stankiewicz A., Jackowska K., Influence of anions on formation and electroacitivity of poly-2,5-dimethoxyaniline, Synth. Met., 108, 111–119, 2000.

Gonçalves D., Matvienko B., Bulhões L.O.S., Electrochromism of poly(o-methoxyaniline) films electrochemically obtained in aqueous medium, J. Electroanal. Chem., 371 (1–2), 267-271, 1994.

Gonçalves D., dos Santos Jr. D.S., Mattoso L.H.C., Karasz F.E., Akcelrud L., Faria R.M., Poly (o-methoxy aniline): solubility, deprotonation-protonation process in solution and cast films, Synth. Met., 90 (1), 5-11, 1997.

Jamal R., Abdiryim T., Ding Y., Nurulla I., Comparative studies of solid-state synthesized poly(o-methoxyaniline) doped with organic sulfonic acids, , J. Polym. Res., 15 (1), 75-82, 2008.

Jiang J., Ai L-H., Liu A-H., A novel poly(o-anisidine)/CoFe2O4 multifunctional nanocomposite: preparation, characterization and properties, Synth. Met., 160, 333-336, 2010.

Khan A., Asiri A.M., Khan A.A.P., Rub M.A., Azum N., Rahman M.M., Al-Youbi A.O., Qusti A.H., Dual nature, self oxidized poly(o-anisidine) functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes composite: Preparation, thermal and electrical studies, Composites: Part B, 58, 451–456, 2014.

Jeyakumari J. J. L., Yelilarasi A., Sundaresan B., Dhanalakshmi V., Anbarasan, R., Chemical synthesis of poly(aniline-co-o/m-toluidine)/V2O5 nano composites and their characterizations, Synth. Met., 160, 2605-2612, 2010.

Mansour N.A., Mohamed M.G., Yahra Abed M., Mazrouaa A.M., Thermal and electrical properties of nanocomposite poly(o-anisidine)/metal oxides, High Perform. Polym., 24, 625-631, 2012.

Basnayaka P.A., Ram M.K., Stefanakos L. Kumar A., High performance graphene-poly (o-anisidine) nanocomposite for supercapacitor applications, Mater. Chem. Phys., 141, 263-271, 2013.

Yang J., Qin Y., Yuan M., Xue J., Cao J., Wu Y., Yuan M., Preparation and characterization of poly(l-lactide)-co-poly(trimethylene carbonate)/talc film, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 62, 411–417, 2013.

Harris A.M., Lee E.C., Improving mechanical performance of injection molded PLA by controlling crystallinity, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 107(4), 2246, 2255, 2008.

Wang K., Bahlouli N., Addiego F., Ahzi S., Rémond Y., Ruch D., Muller R., Effect of talc content on the degradation of re-extruded polypropylene/talc composites, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 98, 1275- 1286, 2013.

Kohl M., Kalendová A., Stejskal J., The effect of polyaniline phosphate on mechanical and corrosive properties of protective organic coatings containing high amounts of zinc metal particles, Prog. Org. Coat., 77, 512–517, 2014.

Asim N., Radiman S., bin Yarmo M.A., Preparation and characterization of core–shell polyaniline/V2O5 nanocomposite via microemulsion method, Mater. Lett., 62, 1044–1047, 2008.

Wang D., Zhu J.,Yao Q., Wilkie C.A., A comparison of various methods for the preparation of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) clay nanocomposites, Chem. Mater., 14, 3837-3843, 2002.

Kalendová A., Sapurina I., Stejskal J., Vesely D., Anticorrosion properties of polyaniline-coated pigments in organic coatings, Corros. Sci., 50, 3549–3560, 2008.

MacDiarmid A. G., Chiang J. C., Richter A. F., Polyaniline: A new concept in conducting polymers, Synth. Met., 18, 285-290, 1987.

Li X-G., Zhou H-J., Huang M-R., Synthesis and properties of processable conducting copolymers from N-Ethylaniline with Aniline, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 42, 6109 – 6124, 2004.

Palaniandy S., Azizli, K, A, M., Mechanochemical effects on talc during fine grinding process in a jet mill, Int. J. Miner. Process. 92, 22–33, 2009.

Acar H., Karakışla M., Saçak M., Preparation and characterization of conductive polypyrrole/kaolinite composites, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process.,16, 845–850, 2013.

Zhang B., Li Y., Pan X., JiaX., Wang X., Intercalation of acrylic acid and sodium acrylate into kaolinite and their in situ polymerization, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 68, 135–142, 2007.

Patil D., Seo Y-K., Hwang Y-K., Chang J-S., Patil P., Humidity sensing properties of poly(o-anisidine)/WO3 composites, Sens. Actuators, B, 128, 374–382, 2008.

Çetinkaya S., Karakışla M., Özer A., Saçak M., Conductive potassium feldspar/polyaniline composites prepared by in situ chemical polymerization, Synth. Met., 157, 702-707, 2007.

Hasik M., Wenda E., Paluszkiewicz C., Bernasik A., Camra J., Poly(o-methoxyaniline)–palladium systems: effect of preparation conditions on physico-chemical properties, Synth. Met., 143, 341–350, 2004.

da Fonseca M. G., Airoldi C., New amino-inorganic hybrids from talc silylation and copper adsorption properties, Mater. Res. Bull., 36 (1-2), 277–287, 2001.

Pe´rez-Maqueda L.A., Duran A., Pe´rez-Rodrı´guez J.L., Preparation of submicron talc particles by sonication, Appl. Clay Sci., 28, 245 – 255, 2005.

Sprynskyy M., Kowalkowski T., Tutu H., Cukrowska E. M., Buszewski B., Adsorption performance of talc for uranium removal from aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J., 171, 1185– 1193, 2011.

Kulkarni M.V., Viswanath A.K., Spectroscopic, thermal and electrical properties of sulphonic acids doped poly(o-anisidine) and their application as humidity sensor, Sens. Actuators, B, 107, 791-797, 2005.

Alexis J., Gaussens C., Etcheverry B., Bonino J-P., Development of nickel-phosphorus coatings containing micro particles of talc phyllosilicates, Mater. Chem. Phys., 137 (3), 723-733, 2013.

Misheva M., Djourelov N., Zamfirova G., Gaydarov V., Cerrada M.L., Rodrı´guez-Amord V., Pe´rez E., Effect of compatibilizer and electron irradiation on free-volume and microhardness of syndiotactic polypropylene/clay nanocomposites, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 77, 138–145, 2008.

Wu X., Wang Z., Chen L., Huang X., Surface compatibility in a carbon–alloy composite and its influence on the electrochemical performance of Li/ion batteries, Carbon, 42 (10), 1965-1972, 2004.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.