BURSA’NIN ZEYTİNLİK ARAZİLERİNDEKİ TOPRAKLARDA POLİAROMATİK HİDROKARBON (PAH) KONSANTRASYONLARININ BÖLGESEL DEĞİŞİMİ

Gizem EKER
720 107

Öz


Bu çalışmada, Bursa ilindeki zeytinliklerde toprak örneklerindeki poliaromatik hidrokarbon (PAH) kaynaklı kirlilik düzeylerinin ilkbahar mevsimindeki bölgesel değişiminin belirlenmesi ve halka dağılımlarının ortaya konması amaçlanmıştır. Bursa il sınırlarının içerisinde yer alan 7 farklı zeytinlikten toprak örnekleri alınmıştır. Örnekler ultrasonik yöntemle ekstrakte edilmiş ve PAH konsantrasyonları gaz kromotografisi-kütle spektrometresinde (GC-MS) ölçülmüştür. En yüksek toplam 12 (∑12) PAH konsantrasyonu Gemlik-Kampüs (GK) bölgesindeki topraklarda ölçülürken (13993 ng/g Katı Madde-KM) kirliliğinin en az olduğu noktanın kırsal özellikteki Mudanya-Yörükali (MY:5 ng/g KM) olduğu tespit edilmiştir. GK örnekleme noktasında yerleşim, yoğun trafik ve limandaki faaliyetlerden ötürü PAH konsantrasyonlarının yüksek çıktığı kanatine varılmıştır. Toprak örneklerinde 4-halkalı türlerin (Fl, Pyr, BaA and Chr) baskın olduğu (ortalama %72) görülmüş olup bunu 3-halkalı türler (ortalama %22) takip etmiştir. ∑12 BaPeq değerlerinin 12,3 ve 399,4 ng/g KM arasında değiştiği ortaya konmuştur.


Anahtar kelimeler


Zeytinlik Araziler, Toprak, PAH Bileşikleri, Tür Dağılımları

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