Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi: Ticari Limanlar & Balıkçı Barınakları

Hatice Merve BAŞAR, Barış GÜZEL, Pembe ÖZER-ERDOĞAN, Leyla TOLUN
1.431 290

Öz


Bu çalışmada Türkiye'deki üç ticari liman ve dört balıkçı barınağından alınan deniz dip tarama malzemelerinin (DTM) faydalı kullanım öncesi çevresel etkilerinin araştırılması ele alınmıştır. İlk olarak, DTM’lerin fiziko-kimyasal, toksikolojik, sızma (liç) ve mineralojik özellikleri belirlenmiş ve tane boyutu dağılımları saptanmıştır. Sonrasında, çevresel analiz sonuçları “Atık Yönetimi Yönetmeliği-EK 3B” ve “Atıkların Düzenli Depolanmasına Dair Yönetmelik-EK2” limit değerleri ile kıyaslanmıştır. Ayrıca, DTM’lerin çeşitli faydalı kullanım alternatifleri için ön değerlendirmeleri yapılmıştır. Karakterizasyon sonuçları DTM’lerin tehlikesiz atık (atık kodu 17 05 06) olarak tanımlanabileceğini ve II. Sınıf düzenli depolama sahalarında depolanabileceğini göstermiştir. Bu çalışmanın bulguları DTM’lerin fiziko-kimyasal özelliklerinin iyileştirilmesi durumunda zirai/ürün kullanım uygulamalarında (iyileştirilmiş yüzey toprağı, beton, karayolu dolgu malzemesi vb.) herhangi bir olumsuz çevresel etki olmaksızın faydalı bir şekilde kullanılabileceğini önermektedir. Ancak, her bir faydalı kullanım uygulamasında elde edilecek ürünler için teknik, çevresel, yasal ve ekonomik değerlendirme gerekmektedir.


Anahtar kelimeler


Karakterizasyon, Dip Tarama Malzemesi, Çevresel Etki, Liç, Toksisite, Faydalı Kullanım.

Tam metin:

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Referanslar


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