HAMSİ (Engraulis encrasicolus) YAĞINDAN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ VE DİZEL MOTOR PERFORMANS VE EMİSYONLARINA ETKİSİ

Yakup SEKMEN, Sedat ŞEN
1.676 328

Öz


Petrol kaynaklarının sınırlı olması, çevre ile ilgili endişeler, atık ürünlerin değerlendirilmesi ve kirletici emisyonlara getirilen sınırlamalar alternatif yakıt olan biyodizele olan ilgiyi artırmaktadır. Biyodizel, bitkisel, hayvansal ve atık yağlardan üretilebilen; oksijen içerikli, sülfür içermeyen, zehirleyici olmayan, bozunabilir, yüksek setan sayılı ve yağlayıcılık özelliği daha iyi yenilenebilir alternatif bir dizel yakıtıdır. Bu çalışmada, hamsi yağından üretilmiş biyodizel ve dizel yakıtı ile karışımlarının (hacimsel olarak %5, 20, 50 ve 100), dört zamanlı, tek silindirli bir dizel motorda performans ve egzoz emisyonlarına etkileri tam yük ve değişik devirlerde test edilmiştir. Deneyler sonucunda, karışımdaki biyodizel oranı arttıkça dizel yakıta göre özgül yakıt tüketiminde %5-12 artış, motor momentinde ise %2-6 azalma belirlenmiştir. Emisyon testleri sonucunda, CO, HC ve is emisyonlarında azalma, NOx emisyonlarında artış belirlenmiştir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Balık yağı, hamsi yağı, biyodizel, dizel motor, egzoz emisyonları

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17341/gummfd.41080

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