ELEKTROMANYETİK SUPAP İLE ÇALIŞAN BİR PNÖMATİK MOTOR İÇİN KONTROL ÜNİTESİ TASARIMI VE MOTOR PERFORMANSINA ETKİSİ

Haluk GÜNEŞ, M. Akif KUNT
2.782 547

Öz


Bu çalışmada, 2 zamanlı içten yanmalı 49 cc’lik bir benzinli motor basınçlı hava ile çalışır hale getirilmiştir. Havanın silindir içerisine gönderilmesinde, bir elektromanyetik supaptan faydalanılmıştır. Elektromanyetik supabın kontrolü için Atmega8 mikrodenetleyicisinin kullanıldığı bir elektronik kontrol devresi tasarlanmış ve imal edilmiştir. Basınçlı hava, silindir içerisine farklı emme supap zamanlamalarında gönderilmiş ve motor performans değerleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonuçta elektronik kontrol devresi elektromanyetik supabı yaklaşık olarak 1600 1/min motor hızı için başarılı bir şekilde kumanda ettiği görülmüştür.

Anahtar kelimeler


Pnömatik motor, elektromanyetik supap, mikrodenetleyici, atmel

Tam metin:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17341/gummfd.12435

Referanslar


Heywood, J. B., Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill İnc. ISBN 0-07-028637-X, New York, 1988.

İstanbul Ticaret Odası, Rüzgar Enerjisi, Su Matbaacılık , İstanbul, 2001.

Schwarz, M., Getting There from Here. Environmental and Safety Engineering, Ford Motor Company, USA, 1997.

Maggetto, G., Van, M.J., Vrije U., “Electric and Electric Hybrid Vehicle Technology: a Survey”, IEE Electric, Cilt 1, No 1, 111, 2000.

Dawood, V., Emadi, A., “Performance and Fuel Economy Comparative Analysis of Conventional, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Heavy-Duty Transit Buses”, IEEE 58th Vehicular Technology Conference, Cilt 5, 3310– 3315, 6-9 Ekim 2003.

Tyrus, J.M., Long, R.M., Kramskaya, M., Fertman, Y., Emadi, A., “Hybrid Electric Sport Utility Vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Cilt 53, 1607-1622, 2004.

Ravindra, P.J., Anil, P.D., “Hybrid Electric Vehicles:The Next Generation Automobile Revolution”, ICEHV 06th. IEEE Conference, Pune, 1-6, 18-20 Aralık 2006.

Scott, B.P., Whitacre, J.F., Jay, Apt., “The economics of using plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery packs for grid storage”, Journal of Power Source, Cilt 195, No 8, 2377-2384, 2010.

Mesbahi, T., Khenfri, F., Rizoug, N., Chaaban, K., Bartholomeüs, P., Le Moigne, P., “Dynamical modeling of Li-ion batteries for electric vehicle applications based on hybrid Particle Swarm–Nelder–Mead (PSO–NM) optimization algorithm”, Electric Power Systems Research, Cilt 131, 195–204, 2015.

Jaguemont, J., Boulon, L., Dube, Y., “A comprehensive review of lithium-ion batteries used in hybrid and electric vehicles at cold temperatures”, Applied Energy, Cilt 164, 99–114, 2016.

Dimitrova, Z., Marechal, F., “Gasoline hybrid pneumatic engine for efficient vehicle powertrain hybridization”, Applied Energy, Cilt 151, 168–177, 2015.

Xie, H., Song, K., He, Y., “A hybrid disturbance rejection control solution for variable valve timing system of gasoline engines”, ISA Transactions, Cilt 53, No 4, 889–898, 2014.

Chladny, R.R., Koch, C.R. and Lynch, A.F., “Modeling Automotive Gas-Exchange Solenoid Valve Actuators”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Cilt 41, No 3, 1155-1162, 2005.

Chang, W.S., Parlikar, T.A., Seman, M.D., Perreault, D.J., Kassakian, J.G. and Keim, T.A., “A New Electromagnetic Valve Actuator, Power Electronics in Transportation”, IEEE Power Electronics in Transportation, ISBN 0-7803-7492-4, 109-118, 2002.

Clark, R.E., Jewell, G.W., Forrest, S.J., Rens, J. and Maerky, C., “Design Features for Enhancing the Performance of Electromagnetic Valve Actuation Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Cilt 41, No 3, 1163-1168, 2005.

Giglio, V., Iorio, B., Police, G. and Gaeta, A., “Analysis of Advantages and of Problems of Electromechanical Valve Actuators, Variable Valve Actuation”, SAE, 2002-01-1105, 2002.

Park, S.H., Lee, J., Yoo, J. and Kim, D., “A Study on the Design of Electromagnetic Valve Actuator for VVT Engine”, KSME International Journal, Cilt 17, No 3, 357-369, 2003.

Wang Y., Megli, T. and Haghgooie, M., “Modeling and Control of Electromechanical Valve Actuator, Variable Valve Actuation”, SAE, 2002-01-1106, 2002.

Kamış, Z., Yüksel, İ., “An Investıgatıon of Effect of Applied Electrical Voltage on System Dynamic Behavior and Energy Consumption of an Electromechanical Valve Actuator”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Cilt 17, No 3, 161-177, 2004.

Bayındır, R., Kaplan, O., “PIC Denetimli Reaktif Güç Rölesi Tasarımı”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Cilt 22, No 1, 47-56, 2007.

Sefa, İ., Kahraman, H.T., “Klimalar İçin Yeni Bir Kontrol Sistemi”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Cilt 22, No 3, 339-347, 2007.

Guru, B., Hızıroğlu, H. R., Electric Machinery and Transformers, Oxford University Press, Michigan, USA, 1995.

Koca, A., Bayındır, R., Güneş, H., Kunt, M.A., Sakar, S., “Basınçlı hava motorlarında supap mekanizması için elektromanyetik eyleyici tasarımı ve uygulaması”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Cilt 26, No 1, 73-79, 2011.

İnternet: Atmega8.pdf, www.atmel.com /dyn/products/datasheets.asp, 2010.

İnternet: Cny70.pdf, http://www.vishay.com/docs /83751/cny70.pdf, 2008.

İnternet: Alldatasheet.com, http: //www.alldatasheet.com/view.jsp?Searchword=LM35, 1994.

Şahin, H., Dayanık, A., Altınbaşak, C., Pic Programlama Teknikleri ve Pic16F877, Atlaş Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 2006.

İnternet: irfp064n.pdf, www.irf.com/product info/datasheets/data/irfp064n.pdf, 1997.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.