Destilasyon Kolonu Tasarımı: Dolgulu Kolonların Modellenmesi ve Genelleştirilmiş Yaklaşımların Hesapsal Tahminleri

Aynur Şenol
517 97

Öz


Şekil ve dış yüzey alanı itibarı ile farklı kütle transfer etkinliğine sahip çeşitli geometrik yapıdaki raflar (platolar) ve dolgu maddeleri ayırma aracı olarak destilasyon kolonlarında kullanılmaktadır. Uygun bir destilasyon kolonu seçimine dönük stratejik tasarım etkenleri geniş literatür veri topluluğu çerçevesinde analiz edilmiş ve ilgili temas araçlarının işletme özellikleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Tasarım uygulamalarında tanımlanması gereken en belirleyici etkenler ise fazlararası kütle transfer alanı, ayırma etkinliği, basımç düşmesi ve buhar kapasitesidir. Bu temel tasarım nicelikleri ışığında, gelişigüzel yerleştirilmiş ve düzgün istiflenmiş dolgulara ilişkin genel tasarım modelleri tartışılmıştır. Genellikle, değerlendirme kapsamına giren dolgulu kolon tasarım modelleri film veya penetrasyon teorisine dayanır. Bu bağlamda, dolgulu kolon tasarımına ilişkin en çok kullanılan modellerin hesapsal tahminleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu genelleştirilmiş tasarım modelleri ilgili tablolarda özet olarak gösterilmiştir.


Anahtar kelimeler


Anahtar kelimeler: Destilasyon kolonu, Tasarım, Dolgulu kolon, Modelleme

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Referanslar


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